What are the Rolls?
Why are they...

Dawes Rolls
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The Dawes Rolls are the Index to the Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory, as compiled and printed by Act of Congress and approved June 21, 1906. The Rolls are for Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokees, Creeks, Seminole, and Freedmen of these tribes.

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The Index to the Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory, is the index to the names of individuals entitled to enrollment on the rolls of the various tribes comprising the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The index entries are arranged by tribe and there under by enrollment category (Cherokee By Blood, Cherokee Minor, Cherokee Freedmen, etc.). The entries for each enrollment category are arranged alphabetically by surname. (It should be noted that surname entries are not always in strict alphabetical order). Each index entry gives an enrollee's name and final roll number. After a person's enrollment category and final roll number have been determined, the final rolls can be searched to discover the enrollee's census card number.
The Dawes Roll are important because The Dawes Rolls are the final list of recognized members of the tribes, and freedman allotted land in the state of Oklahoma. The Act that created the Dawes was to take away allotted land and reallocate it within the tribe. It is ironic, to me, that such a heinous Roll that took-away so much from the tribes, could now be used to take-way and keep-away descendants of those tribes. To use those very Rolls to determine tribal citizenship by requiring proof of relationship--as a descendent--to someone on the Dawes Rolls is again, ironic. The federal government will never recognize you as a citizen of a tribe listed on the Dawes, without that proof--their proof. Further irony is that no other minority is required to "prove" they are a minority. The truth is ... you will be required to prove you are directly related to someone on the Dawes Rolls, or another roll. There is no other way.
Guion Miller Rolls
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Index to Applications Submitted for the Eastern Cherokee Roll of 1909 (Guion Miller Roll) Unrestricted. 

5 Civilized TribesThe Guion Miller Rolls index includes the names of all persons applying for compensation arising from the judgment of the United States Court of Claims on May 28, 1906, for the Eastern Cherokee tribe.
While numerous individuals applied, not all the claims were allowed. The information included on the index is the application number, the name of the applicant, and the State or Territory in which the individual resided at the time the application was filed.
The Guion Miller Roll is an index of 46,000 Cherokee applications. This important Cherokee Roll allows you to check to see if one of your family members applied to be admitted to the Guion Miller Roll, and whether or not was accepted. Not all applicants were admitted! The Guion Miller Roll contains all 46,000 applicants, both admitted and rejected! However, the Roll will tell you only if the applicant was admitted or rejected, it will only tell you the application number of the person listed. If you find the name of a family member on the Guion Miller Roll, you will then need to send for a copy of that application.
Kern Clifton Rolls
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Kern-Clifton Roll of Cherokee Freedmen - 1897. A census of freedmen of the Cherokee Nation and their descendants.
5 Civilized TribesCensus of the Freedmen and their descendants of the Cherokee Nation taken by the Commission appointed in the case of Moses Whitmire, Trustee of the Freedmen of the Cherokee Nation versus the Cherokee Nation and the United States in the Court of Claims at Washington, D.C.; the said commission being appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, and Composed of William Clifton, William P. Thompson and Robert H. Kern, this roll being made from the testimony taken before said Commission in the Cherokee nation between May 4th and August, 10, 1896, in accordance with the provisions made and entered in the final decree of record in the above cause. Second, Contesting Freedmen and their Descendants found by this Commission entitled to be enrolled as citizens of the Cherokee Nation, and to share in the distribution of funds found in said decree.
Wallace Rolls
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Wallace Roll of Cherokee Freedmen in Indian Territory.

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Bureau of Indian Affairs. Scope & Content John W. Wallace compiled the original rolls for the Authenticated, Admitted, and Rejected Freedmen, and the Free Negroes. Because of discrepancies, additional supplements were added. Individual entries give name, age, sex, residence, and other pertinent information. The individual rolls are generally arranged alphabetically by initial letter of surname of head of family, but occasionally they may first be divided into groups and districts. General Note These rolls were created because the Cherokee citizenship of many ex-slaves of the Cherokee in Indian Territory was disputed by the Cherokee tribe. The establishment of their status was important in determining their right to live on Cherokee land and to share in certain annuity and other payment, including a special $75,000 award voted by Congress on October 19, 1888. A series of investigations was conducted in order to compile the rolls of the Cherokee Freedmen. These investigations were conducted by John W. Wallace, 1889-1890; Leo E. Bennett, 1891-92; Marcus D. Shelby, 1893; James G. Dickson, 1895-96; and William Clifton, William Thompson, and Robert H. Kern, 1896-97.
Choctaws by Blood
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Choctaws by Blood Index to the Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914.

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Choctaws by Blood is the index to the names of individuals entitled to enrollment on the Dawes Rolls categorized people using a matriarchal system, i.e. it's based on the mother's race. For example, if one's mother was Cherokee and father was a Freedman, the person will be listed under Cherokee by Blood. If one's mother is a Freedman and one's father is Cherokee, the person will be listed under Cherokee Freedmen. Other categories include by Marriage, by Intermarriage, Minors, and Newborn.

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